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Pterophyllum scalare

 Age of Aquariums > Freshwater Fish > Angelfish - Pterophyllum scalare

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angel2.jpg (26kb) angel5.jpg (23kb)
Photo Credit: Marcos Avila

Iīd like to talk about an important point in breeding Angels. Many people claimed that it is fairly easy to spawn Angel and keep the fry. Not with everybody especially to the newbies in the hobby who want to keep them as a family. There were lots of frustrations and setbacks before I perfected the craft myself. My experience is backed up by trial and error and a lot of dead fish. Finally I perfected it and I want to share my secret to everyone. It may be easy for everyone to let the Angels spawn by keeping the tank clean, right water condition, good food etc, but once they spawn, thatīs where the cramming begins for the newbies. Keep in mind that the eggs are easily penetrated by or susceptible to fungus if water is unchecked. This is the crucial part of the story - keeping the eggs from decaying. Here is what I do to keep an almost fungus-free batch of Angel eggs. After the parents spawn, I prepare a container for the eggs and an airstone. The water I use is boiled and dechlorinated. Others may say that you cannot take out the eggs for a while in the air - wrong! Yes you can, provided you do it properly - within 10 seconds! I take out the eggs with the slate, brick, stone or whatever they laid their eggs on and during that brief moment in the air, pour some Hydrogen Peroxide solution on the eggs, just enough to wash them a bit. I let it drip for a few seconds and put it on the readied container. Now you donīt have to worry about fungus. Most of the time, if you see fungus, this is because of a sterile pair or the male failed to fertilize them. I guarantee you do not have to use any other medication or solution. Happy fishkeeping and love your Angels!

Contributed by Manny Jao II

I've kept angels on and off now for 18 years and they are still one of my favourite fish. I particularly like the long finned varieties. Angelfish personalities can vary quite a bit. In my opinion, there are 3 types of angelfish. The majority fall into the middle class. These are the ones that take a little while to settle into a new tank but, once settled, seem to do very well. They will usually show some degree of aggression towards one another, but this is not usually serious. The second type are the real bullies. These are the ones that try and completely take over a tank and won't let anything else move. I've had a couple of these that have had to be returned to the shop. The third type are the real submissive ones. These fish let themselves be pushed around and bullied by everything and, as a consequence, often don't survive for long. Obviously it's fairly important that they are not kept with fin nipping fish, particularly the long finned varieties. I also don't think they're particularly good with livebearers. When I first started, I had mollies and sword tails in the tank and these used to constantly nip at the angels, which obviously isn't good for them. If you've never kept angels, I think you should give them a go.

Contributed by Andrew Mills

These fish tend to be very territorial - if they are introduced into a community tank they will most likely behave towards the original inhabitants, but any new arrival is usually subject to harrassment. My two angels managed to fatally injure my helpless baby mollie and make a meal out of three new neon tetras in a span of twelve hours.

Contributed by Lindsay Wellman

I have had a pair of angelfish for seven years. They seem to be very hardy. I love these fish because of their beauty and behavior. I would highly reccomend this fish to any aquarist.

Contributed by Cody

I've bred Angels for years now and have found them one of the easiest fish to spawn. From my main pair (a gold pearl scale [m] and a wild caught female), I get 300 eggs per spawn but keep only 100-150. They spawn every 2 weeks. To condition them I feed Green Hair Algae (any help with the scientific name would be appreciated), live Gambusia (2 cm), Black worms and live adult brine shrimp or daphnia. They are kept in a 2ft by 1.5ft by 1.5ft tank with two pieces of slate, a 2cm gravel bottom, an Aquaclear 150 filter, and a single cool white fluorescent light. (Editor's Note: green hair algae are usually Oedogonium sp. or Vaucheria sp. - MA)

Contributed by Simon Ives

It is unfortunately true that angels can be territorial, but if you buy them small and raise them with other fish their size, then you can keep them with others. I have even had success with my angels and 2 baby lemon tetras together. If you keep them in pairs, in a well potted tank, fed well, and healthy then they are peaceful. You can keep them with smaller fish, if they were bought small and raised with other fish of different sizes, then you can keep them with your other smaller favorites.

Contributed by Jack Estes

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