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[Ready]Everglades pygmy sunfish
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nonamethefish
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Joined: 06 Feb 2003

PostPosted: 2005.03.12(Sat)13:15    Post subject: [Ready]Everglades pygmy sunfish Reply with quote




These are the best photos I've been able to get of this guy as he is very wary of the camera. Will keep trying.

Scientific Name: Elassoma evergladei
Family: Elassomidae
Origin: SouthEastern US(Florida)
Adult size: seldom over 3cm
Diet: tiny live foods only-daphnia, blackworms, brine shrimp nauplii, microworms etc.
Care: Medium
pH: 6.5-7.5
Hardness: 2-15dH
Temperature: (15-25 degrees celcius)
Minimum Tank Size: 2 gallon
Compatability: Best kept by itself-but may possible be combined with other small fish such as Leptolucania ommata, Lucania goodei, or Heterandria formosa.

The Everglades pygmy sunfish(Elassoma evergladei) is an interesting species for a small single species tank. They seldom get over an inch(largest would be 1.25). This and their need for small live foods makes them a poor choice for community aquariums as it will be hard providing food and they may be eaten or harassed by other fish. However, in a small tank with a constant supply of blackworms, daphnia, and/or brine shrimp nauplii-they do quite well and are very intriguing fish. They are shy but after some time can be observed providing one makes sure to be still without sudden movement. They spend most of the time near the bottom, or otherwise in the plants manuevering at odd angles. The females, juveniles, and nonbreeding males are a unnoticeable yellowish color with light brown mottling...they can easily be mistaken for dead leaves or sticks as they sit motionless. This is perfect for blending in on the bottom and they are easily overlooked. Breeding males, on the other hand, darken down to a deep black with dusky fins. They also develop turquoise bars on the side and a irridescent spot under the eye(washed white in these photos). When they are in the colors the males are quite active and patrol back and forth guarding their territories. It is best in small tanks to have only one male as the others may be harassed to the point of sickness and death. A tank to move females too may also prove beneficial.

Kept in a well planted tank(as in-stuffed to the brim-they love thick cover and make little use of open spaces) with java moss, other low light plants, and a healthy group with both genders you are almost certain to sooner or later get eggs. The male courts the female with a very elaborate dance which includes flaring, a zig zag wiggling dance, and making a walking movement with the pelvic fins. The male tries to encourage the female to come into the dense plants to spawn. Keep a colony well and sooner or later fry will start to appear. At first they can only take very tiny microrganisms(I added greenwater) but will graduate to microworms, then baby brine shrimp soon. The fry so far seem remarkably hardy considering their size and are for the most part ignored by the adults. Keep the adults well fed just in case. If you want to be sure no predation happens you cold either siphon out the fry or move the adults to a seperate tank. The fry grow rather slowly, but they grow. Overall a great fish if you can give them the special care they need.


Last edited by nonamethefish on 2005.05.07(Sat)22:25; edited 3 times in total
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nonamethefish
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Joined: 06 Feb 2003

PostPosted: 2005.04.30(Sat)19:25    Post subject: Reply with quote


Another photo which may be better.
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nonamethefish
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PostPosted: 2005.05.07(Sat)22:26    Post subject: Reply with quote

Unless anyone has anything to add or I get a better photo-I think this is good to go.
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Marcos Avila
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Joined: 05 Feb 2003
Location: Hiroshima (JP)

PostPosted: 2005.05.07(Sat)22:34    Post subject: Reply with quote

Noname, one of the main purposes of the gallery is to help people identify fish species they own or saw in the LFS, so the initial photo NEEDS to be one that will allow this. See if you can get a better photo, showing your fish in the foreground...
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